John Moore - Glaciology and Paleoclimate




Education courses

Nordic glaciology


Photo Gallery

Ice Exhibition Site

Main projects at present are:

Geoengineering: Integrated approaches and impacts, China Global Change Program (973 Project), National Basic Research Program of China #2015CB953602 2015-2019

ICECAP2: International Collaborative Exploration of Central East Antarctica through Airborne geophysical Profiling. Global Innovation Initiative, British Council, plus national funding (USA, UK, India, China)

Simulating Antarctic marine ice sheet stability and multi-century contributions to sea level rise Finnish Academy 2015-2019

Several projects have been related to Earth System Modeling using the BNU-ESM:

SEAP-CMIP5, SuperEnsemble Projection and Attribution of Climate Change based on CMIP5, National Key Science Program for Global Change Research (member of science committee), No. 2010CB950504-02, 2010-2014

Topics relate to glaciological modeling

Stability and Variations of Arctic Land Ice (SVALI), Nordic Centre of Excellence, 2011-2016 Kinnvika - you can read a blog from our spring 2007 expedition and several papers from a special issue of Geografiska Annaler:
Beaudon, et al 2011 Spatial and temporal variability of precipitation volume from shallow cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard).
Pohjola,et al , 2011 Spatial distribution and change in the surface ice-velocity field of Vestfonna ice cap, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard, 1995-2010 using geodetic and satellite interferometry data.
Pohjola, et al. Editorial - The International Polar Year project "KINNVIKA" - Actic warming and impact research at 80N,
and this earlier paper Beaudon, E. and J.C. Moore, 2009 Frost flower chemical signature in winter snow on Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard), The Cryosphere 3, 147-154

Antarctic blue ice area paleoclimate - you can read a blog from our 2006/7 expedition

Aslak grinsted completed his PhD thesis
just before travelling to Antarctica in November 2006
on advanced methods of time series modelling

Anna Sinisalo defended her thesis on November 16 2007
on geophysical exploration of Antarctic blue ice areas

The main question my group and I try to address are:
How are glaciers in Svalbard and Antarctica behaving now

What do ice cores from Svalbard and Antarctic tell us about climate history

What will changing climate do to glaciers in the polar regions

The tools we use to answer these questions are

Ice core chemical analysis to extract past climate information

Ground penetrating radar studies of glaciers to study their internal structure

Mathematical modelling and analysis of the climate records and glacier evolution

Projects described by area

More detailed descriptions of each individually funded project can be found here

Field work in Svalbard

Questions to be addressed in our Svalbard reearch are:

What is the climate history preserved in ice core records

What is the detailed structure of Svalbard glaciers

How have the glaciers changed over the last century

Recent photos from the 2001 campagn on Lomonosovfonna are available.  This was primarily a radar and pit sampling shor trip, and our summer student Kristiina Virkkunen took part in, and will do detailed chemsitry of the winter snow on the summit as her "project" work for her Master's degree.

Two of my PhD students are primarily working on Svalbard glaciology: Anja Pälli is studying the radar properties of polythermal glaciers, particularly the hydrothermal internal structure; Teija Kekonen is a chemist working on the Lomonosovfonna ice core from Svalbard.

The Polish Polar Station in Hornsund, southern Svalbard (this is the external link to the Polish site), where Anja Pälli and I were doing ground penetrating radar studies of Hansbreen with the Malå Geoscience Ramac radar 50 MHz antennas and with higher resolution 200 MHz antennas.  We also profiled numerous other smaller glaciers in the region such as Tuvbreen.  The radar was very good in general, though of course there were repairs that need doing as well - with always excellent help from the Poles, especially Piotr Glowacki, and always with time for a nice beer with our gallant leader.

In 1999 Anja and I together with Jacek Jania (University of Silesia) and Piotr Glowacki (Polish Academy of Sciences) began a program to study changes in glaciers over a 100 year period in Svalbard.  The fieldwork was interesting, and some pictures by the Poles are here.


Questions to be addressed in our Antarctic reearch are:

Can we extract climate data from surface blue ice

How does the climate information compare with that from deep ice cores

I went with a group (Jari Vehviläinen and Anna Sinisalo - see my research group for details of the projects) to Antarctica this coming season with FINNARP working on paleoclimate data from blue ice fields.  A brief article, and some photos of the trip:


Questions to be addressed in our modelling reearch are:

Can we see underlying dynamics of the climate system in ice cores and other proxy records

How do the climate dynamics change over time

Can we use radar techniques and surface ice flow measurements to model blue ice area history

How will a radar perform in mapping the inernal structure of the moon Europa

Europa Orbiter Ice Penetrating Radar - I have been really fortunate enough to have been involved in the preliminary study of using a radar to measure the ice thickness of crust of the Jovian moon Europa, here is the abstract of a paper in Icarus on modelling the ice properties.  This has led to the production of an Announcement of Opportunity (currently a draft version) which invites interested persons to submit proposals to the future NASA Europa orbiter space mission